Prostate adenoma is more harmless disease than prostate cancer, but no less insidious. Statistically, the most frequent pathologies of the genitourinary system that awaits men after 45 years. Prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) brings a lot of suffering. Effective treatment of BPH in men medication drug nature.
What is BPH and its symptoms
BPH is expressed in uncontrolled growth of the prostate tissue. The result is a neoplasm. And it's not "native" tissue, and an alien mutated.
The direction of the development of this neoplasm may be different as inside prostate, and on its outer walls. Depending on the direction of growth of the adenoma can cause problems with urination, or may not cause.
Statistics the following:
- More than 60% of men over 60 years have histological characteristics of adenoma;
- More than 40% have clinical signs;
- 20% of men feel the decline in the quality of life in connection with urination.
For full recovery you need to know exactly what to treat. Symptoms of adenoma and prostate cancer are largely identical. In order to eliminate the cancer, you need to go a few studies:
- Take the test for total and free PSA;
- Undergo digital rectal examination;
- Undergo ultrasound;
- To do a biopsy with the aim of sampling of biological material for histological testing.
The symptoms of BPH
The first signs of a developing pathology is the difficulty of the process of the outflow of urine. They can manifest in various ways, but often in many for for and night about the urination. This can be present pain. The characteristic symptom of the adenoma – repeated night trips to the toilet.
In some cases men have to Wake up at least 7 times.
All this is detrimental to the emotional and physiological state of the patient. Chronic sleep deprivation leads to depression, causes a systematic fatigue. The patient may experience irritability, which directly influences the quality of communication with others.
The most serious complication of developing adenoma, acute urinary retention, which is expressed in the impossibility of spontaneous urination, despite the strong urge to him. In this regard, the bubble begins to accumulate urine. Her number can reach 3 liters. Output two: catheterization, but only when it is impossible puncture in the lower part of the abdominal wall.
Recurrent disease in man are troubled by severe pain the lower abdomen, urine and semen may appear in the blood. All this can not scare, and people begin to look for an opportunity to get rid of the disease. While men often ignore the need to visit the clinic and speak to the doctor in the most extreme and advanced cases.
Methods of treatment of prostatic adenoma
There are only three ways to get rid of the adenoma.
- Drug therapy;
- Operative (surgical) intervention;
- Herbal remedies.
In the self there is one danger: it is possible to incorrectly choose the recipe or it will be incorrect, with corrupted data on the preparation, dosage and schedule of administration (for traditional medicine). During treatment with this drug pathological process will develop. And precious time will be wasted.
Better not to tempt fate and immediately begin with the practice-proven drugs. However, there are some "pitfalls".
In order to avoid complications, you should consult a doctor. For accurate diagnosis, it is sufficient to do three things:
- Independently visit the nearest lab and get tested for the DOG;
- Visit the nearest health center and do an ultrasound of the prostate;
- To come to the clinic at the place of residence or to a commercial medical institution and to consult a urologist, a doctor providing research data.
Most men refuse the idea to go to the doctor for possible treatments of rectal palpation. According to the medical standards of urological reception, it is the mandatory method of research at suspicion on pathology of the prostate.
But there are many doctors, who, understanding little of the informative palpation, refuse it and immediately sent the patient for TRUS (sampling of biological material with a simultaneous ultrasound examination). In the result of this procedure data allow us to establish an accurate diagnosis.
Medical treatment of the adenoma
Prostate adenoma is a steadily progressing disease. The growth of benign tumors constant, but the speed of the process may be different. With the age of the patient increases the risk of various complications. At the beginning of the development of the disease the most effective drug treatment, which consists in taking prescribed medicines. It is guaranteed to eliminate violations of the process of urination.
At the moment there are three groups of drugs for the treatment of BPH:
- Alpha blockers;
- Inhibitors of 5-alpha reductase;
- Remedies based on natural ingredients: herbal remedies.
The choice of therapeutic technique depends on two characteristics of the disease: its stages and complexity of the flow. The effect of drugs aimed at eliminating the causes and symptoms of this insidious disease.
As a companion treatment often prescribe probiotics (drugs and dietary Supplements that contain live micro-culture). These remedies will help to restore the intestinal flora, which will lead to enhanced immunity.
It is important to understand that alpha blockers are able to eliminate only the symptoms of BPH. And inhibitors of 5-alpha reductase impact on the etiology of this disease. Therefore, the drugs of the first group quickly assist, eliminating pain in the lower abdomen and spasms. And drugs of the second group, eliminate the cause, treat.
Alpha blockers in the treatment of BPH
Alpha blockers are effective medications that can quickly eliminate the symptoms of pathological processes in the prostate. But precisely to address the symptoms and not the cause of the disease.
The help of these preparations is expressed in muscle relaxation of the prostate and bladder, which contributes to the free flow of urine. In this case the tumor alpha-blockers will not be affected. They are not able to reduce the size of the tumor or stop its growth.
The effect of alpha blockers
A significant role in the functioning of the genitourinary system of males divert alpha-adrenergic receptors of the bladder neck and proximal urethra calving. There are three types of receptors:
- Alpha-1A-adrenergic receptors. Located in the prostate, urethra, bladder. The function of these receptors is in the regulation of smooth muscles of the prostate base and the bladder neck, seminal vesicles and seed-producing channels.
- Alpha-1B-adrenoceptors. Located in blood vessels and control the tonus of the arteries when the redistribution of the blood. The number of receptors increases with age.
- Alpha-1D-adrenergic receptors. Located in the bladder, the spinal cord and the sinuses. The purpose of these receptors is not fully understood, but we know that they play a significant role in the work of the muscles of the bladder.
Inhibitors of 5-alpha reductase: how to operate and why help
The second group of drugs for the treatment of BPH inhibitors (blockers) of 5-alpha reductase. This protein coupling and there are two form of its enzymes (isoenzymes): 5-alpha reductase type I and type II.
Isoenzymes of the first type is concentrated mainly in liver tissue, hair follicles, skin. Isoenzymes of the second type in the prostate. Specifically, in the nuclei of its stromal cells. To influence a benign swelling of the prostate necessary inhibitors of 5-alpha reductase type II.
Possible reactions to inhibitors of 5-alpha reductase:
- Decreased libido;
- Potency disorders;
- Heart palpitations;
Side effects of drugs can be expressed in various kinds of disorders in the genitourinary system.
Often there are varying degrees of severity and pain in the testicles, the Breasts. There are cases of reduced sperm quality, rarely male infertility.
The effectiveness of inhibitors of 5-alpha reductase
Because these drugs affect the cause of the disease, before full recovery takes a lot of time. Depending on the size of benign tumors and the speed of its progression, it is necessary from 5 months to 1 year.
In the initial stages of the adenoma inhibitors of 5-alpha reductase is able to completely stop the development of tumors and subsequently eliminate it. On average, these remedies can reduce the index of symptoms of the adenoma by 3 points on a scale of AAU.
Herbal drugs for the treatment of the adenoma
Herbs are more preventive than curative. They can help in the initial stages of the disease. This all-natural remedy. Helps quickly, but the cause of the pathology is not able to eliminate.
Any funds which include pumpkin seeds, guaranteed to provide assistance at the initial stage of pathological processes in the prostate.
Decoctions of the leaves of a filbert or hazel, too, will help to cope with minor disorders of the genitourinary system. To prepare healing means simply: you need 1 tablespoon of plants pour 1 Cup boiling water. Infuse for 30-40 minutes. Take 1/3 Cup 3 times a day.
Useful to prostate turn. A decoction of this herb can be taken as a tea, several times a day. The effect will not be slow to show themselves: urination will become easy and painless. A decoction of sloe prepared as follows: a tablespoon of herbs to brew 1 liter of boiling water. Insist the whole night. Take during the day.
Effective with stagnation in the pelvic area and the growth of the prostate tissue stinging nettle. This reflects the growing plant can provide good help in the initial stages of the disease and to stop the growth of tumor.
A combination of drugs
A relatively new therapeutic tool is, in which the two main active ingredients: finasteride and tamsulosin. This medication is able to quickly eliminate the symptoms of BPH, simultaneously impact on the cause of the disease. But there is a wide range of contraindications and side effects that affect the popularity of this drug in clinical practice.
A successful outcome requires continuous therapeutic control. You must pass the research reveals the extent of exposure to a particular drug.
Itself is impossible to predict the effect on body taking pills. Only a doctor can properly assess all risks. Self-medication is fraught with serious complications. Therefore, when the first signs of BPH are advised to contact the urologist.