Prostatitis is the most common pathology of the genitourinary system in men of reproductive age. When prostatitis occurs, the prostate gland becomes inflamed and swollen.
The disease is treated conservatively. The patient is prescribed drugs that help improve diuresis, relieve inflammation of the glandular organ, and suppress pathogenic microflora in the prostate.
Treatment is complemented by diet, exercise therapy and a variety of other activities. The patient may be prescribed physiotherapy procedures, including prostate massage.
Prostatitis is a disease accompanied by inflammation of the glandular organ. The disease most often progresses due to the ingress of pathogenic microflora into the prostate. Moreover, inflammation can be caused not only by bacteria, but also by fungal microorganisms.
Prostatitis is often a consequence of sexually transmitted diseases, including candidiasis, trichomoniasis, syphilis, human papillomavirus, chlamydia and others.
Other factors can also provoke inflammation in the prostate gland, namely:
- Lack of physical activity.
- Prolonged sexual abstinence, or, on the contrary, excessive sexual activity.
- Unbalanced diet, obesity.
- The presence of chronic diseases of the genitourinary system.
- Perineal trauma.
- Hormonal disorders, including insufficient synthesis of testosterone (male sex hormone).
- Harmful working conditions.
- Overheating in the pelvic area.
- Smoking, addiction to drugs and alcohol.
Important!Congenital abnormalities of the urethra can also provoke inflammation of the prostate.
Symptoms and diagnosis of prostatitis
Considering the causes of prostatitis in men and its treatment with medications, one cannot ignore the symptoms of the disease. As you know, prostatitis can have a different etiology.
Doctors distinguish stagnant, fungal, abacterial, bacterial, autoimmune, asymptomatic, allergic prostatitis. The most common forms are stagnant and bacterial.
Typical symptoms of prostate inflammation are:
- Increased urge to urinate. The frequency increases at night.
- Intermittent and painful urination. If prostatitis was provoked by pathogenic microorganisms, then the urine becomes cloudy and purulent / cheesy / mucous impurities appear in it.
- Violation of potency. In severe cases, erectile dysfunction develops.
- Premature ejaculation. It happens that with prostatitis, on the contrary, a man cannot finish for a long time.
- Pain in the perineum and pubis. The pain syndrome increases during intercourse and urination.
- Burning and itching in the urethra.
With the development of an acute bacterial form of prostatitis, a man develops symptoms of intoxication. The body temperature rises, general weakness, insomnia and irritability appear.
If you experience the characteristic symptoms of prostatitis, you should consult a urologist. Diagnostics involves the passage of a number of tests and instrumental examination.
The patient must be prescribed an ultrasound of the prostate, LHC culture of the prostate, digital rectal examination of the prostate gland, general and biochemical blood tests, urinalysis, blood tests for PSA, PCR, spermogram.
Important!After the diagnosis, the physician makes a diagnosis and prescribes the appropriate drugs.
What medications are used for prostatitis?
In the treatment of prostatitis, antibiotic drugs form the basis of therapy. Broad-spectrum antibiotics are used. The patient may be prescribed cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, macrolides, penicillins.
Antibiotics suppress the infection, due to which it is possible to stop the inflammatory process in the prostate gland.
In addition to antibiotics, the following are prescribed:
- Alpha blockers.Medicines are used both in the treatment of prostatitis and in the treatment of prostate adenoma. Medicines help improve urine output and relieve unpleasant symptoms during urination. Medicines should be taken on a long-term basis.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.They are used during an exacerbation of prostatitis. Medicines help relieve pain. NSAIDs are used in the form of tablets, injection solutions and suppositories.
- Hormonal drugs.They are prescribed if NSAIDs have not helped to relieve pain.
- Bioregulatory peptides.These medicines contain bovine prostate extract. Modern peptides help to arrest the inflammatory process and improve tissue trophism. Also, the funds contribute to the normalization of potency and blood circulation in the small pelvis.
Pharmaceutical dietary supplements, homeopathic and naturopathic remedies can be used for auxiliary purposes. Medicines can even be taken to prevent prostatitis.
If you want to normalize potency, you can use PDE-5 inhibitors, homeopathic remedies or dietary supplements.
It should be noted that 5-alpha reductase inhibitors are not used for prostatitis. These medications are prescribed for benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Important!If the diagnosis has shown that there are stones in the prostate, then the patient is prescribed an operation.
Using drugs for prostatitis is not enough. To transfer the disease to the stage of stable remission, a comprehensive, well-structured therapy is required.
With a congestive form of the disease, finger massage of the prostate is mandatory. The procedure must be performed by a urologist. If you do not want to constantly visit doctors, you can purchase a prostate stimulator.
Such a device will help to carry out massage at any convenient time of the day. The instructions for stimulants say that they must be injected into the anus. A cleansing enema is preliminarily placed, a condom is put on the device, and the anorectal zone is sanitized. Modern massagers have a vibration head that helps to increase the effectiveness of the physiotherapy procedure.
It is also recommended for the patient:
- Limit the amount of fatty, sweet and starchy foods in the diet. Ideally, go on a low-carb diet.
- Do exercise therapy, lead an active lifestyle. It is quite possible to play sports. The most useful sports are swimming, Nordic walking, running, yoga.
- Have a sex life. It is imperative to use barrier contraception (condoms). Regular sex will improve blood circulation in the pelvis and the outflow of secretions from the prostate.
- Observe the daily routine, sleep 6-8 hours a day.
- Give up addictions. Scientific reviews have shown that prostatitis develops significantly more often in men who smoke, use drugs and alcohol. That is why doctors recommend giving up these bad habits once and for all.
- Alternative methods can be used to treat prostatitis. They are not a panacea, and can only act as a supplement. Quite good folk remedies are hazelnut infusion, wormwood decoction, candles with propolis, parsley decoction.
Based on the above, we can conclude that prostatitis is not a sentence. The disease is quite treatable. With timely access to doctors, you can quickly and almost painlessly get rid of the disease.
Do not let the disease take its course, because prostatitis is an extremely dangerous pathology. Late treatment is fraught with BPH, prostate cancer, infertility, impotence, premature ejaculation.