Symptoms and treatment of bacterial prostatitis

Bacterial prostatitis is a disease of the prostate gland, which is provoked by specific and non-specific bacteria. The causes of this disease can be different, and the symptoms are often hidden.

What is bacterial prostatitis and the main forms

With prostatitis of a bacterial nature, inflammation of the prostate tissue in men is noted, which is provoked by various pathogenic microorganisms and fungi. Usually, the reproduction of microbes in the body of a man occurs with any pathology or malfunction of the immune system. Pathogenic microorganisms enter the prostate through the intestines, circulatory and urinary systems.

This disease is considered quite common, it is more often diagnosed in patients over 40 years of age. Taking into account the cause that provoked the progression of the disease, several types of it are distinguished:

  1. Acute bacterial prostatitis. With such a disease, the pathological process progresses as a result of the penetration of specific bacteria into the prostate gland.
  2. Chronic bacterial prostatitis. Such an ailment often becomes a consequence of improper therapy of its acute form or its absence. Prostatitis lasts for several months, and there is a change in periods of exacerbation with the disappearance of unpleasant symptoms.

The acute form of prostatitis in men can occur in:

  • catarrhal;
  • follicular;
  • parenchymal form.

Depending on the pathogenic microorganism that provoked the disease, prostatitis is divided into:

  • viral;
  • tuberculosis;
  • chlamydial;
  • gonorrheal;
  • fungal;
  • mixed type.

It is possible to determine the pathogen that provoked the disease only in laboratory conditions.

doctor prescribes treatment for bacterial prostatitis

Causes and symptoms of the disease

The main cause of bacterial prostatitis is the increased activity of pathogenic microorganisms. The causative agents of the disease in most cases enter the tissues of the prostate if a man suffers from sexually transmitted diseases. Various sexually transmitted pathologies can become a provoking factor in bacterial prostatitis.

In men of reproductive age, the causative agent of the disease can be conditionally pathogenic microorganisms, among which Escherichia coli can be distinguished. In patients after 50 years, such an ailment as prostatic hyperplasia is often detected. With such a pathological condition, the process of secretion evacuation from the prostate is disrupted, and it gradually accumulates in the gland. When the secretion stagnates, bacteria multiply rapidly and a pathological process develops.

In some situations, bacterial prostatitis progresses simultaneously with various diseases of the genitourinary system. Quite often, the pathological process develops simultaneously with bladder obstruction, urethritis and various infections of the urinary system. Bacterial damage to the prostate can be caused by trauma and damage to the perineum, the use of a urinary catheter, and a previous biopsy.

Symptoms of acute bacterial prostatitis may include:

  • acute pain in the perineum and pubis;
  • constant feeling of fullness of the bladder;
  • erectile dysfunction;
  • discomfort during intercourse;
  • weakening of the jet and acute urinary retention;
  • burning sensation and pain in the scrotum, testicles and head of the penis.

In addition, in the acute stage of the disease, such manifestations of general intoxication of the body as tachycardia, fever and arterial hypertension can torment.

Chronic pathology in men is diagnosed less often. With an exacerbation of the disease, almost the same signs of bacterial prostatitis occur as in the acute stage of the disease. The patient may complain of pain when going to the toilet, discomfort in the abdomen and perineum, as well as the appearance of blood in the urine and seminal fluid.

In exceptional cases, with this form of the disease, the body temperature may rise and the symptoms of intoxication may disturb. The exacerbation is replaced by remission, that is, unpleasant symptoms disappear, but some disturbances in the functioning of the genitourinary system remain. Mostly disturbed by frequent urge to urinate, erection is disturbed and sexual desire is reduced.

At-risk groups

Bacterial prostatitis in men is a disease that can occur for various reasons. Experts identify adverse factors, the impact of which on the body increases the risk of developing an inflammatory process several times.

Bacterial prostatitis can be caused by:

  • frequent infectious pathologies of the urinary system;
  • genetic factor;
  • severe hypothermia of the body;
  • parasitic diseases;
  • a large number of sexual partners;
  • decreased immunity;
  • malnutrition;
  • insufficient emptying of the bladder;
  • exposure to chemicals in the urinary tract;
  • too long periods of sexual abstinence;
  • frequent stressful situations and depression;
  • an inactive lifestyle, which causes stagnation of blood in the pelvic area.

Diagnosis and treatment of bacterial prostatitis

Many men are concerned about whether bacterial prostatitis can be cured. In order to make a diagnosis, it is necessary to conduct a complete examination of the patient. Separate symptoms of the disease and the patient's complaints do not allow to determine the disease, therefore, various studies are prescribed.

For the diagnosis is carried out:

  • analysis of blood and feces;
  • spermogram;
  • blood test for infections and hormones;
  • ultrasound;
  • Analysis of prostate secretion;
  • examination of the prostate gland.

If there are suspicions about the presence of complications in the body of a man, additional examinations are carried out. Thanks to cystoscopy, it is possible to study and evaluate the condition of the urinary tract. If indicated, urodynamic tests may be ordered. It is better to assess the condition of the prostate gland, and to identify the presence of stones can be done using transrectal ultrasound and computed tomography. A biopsy is a research method that is used when there is a suspicion of oncological cell degeneration.

After the examination, the specialist makes the most effective treatment regimen for bacterial prostatitis for the man. In the fight against the disease, the treatment of bacterial prostatitis with antibiotics is mandatory. Taking into account the severity of the pathology and the type of infectious agents, the course of taking antibiotics can be 4-6 weeks. With the transition of the disease into a chronic form, the course of therapy can reach up to 12 weeks. The best antibiotics for bacterial prostatitis are drugs containing tetracycline and ciprofloxacin.

How to treat bacterial prostatitis is determined by various factors. To eliminate the pathology, the following drugs can be used:

  1. Antispasmodics. With their help, it is possible to relax the neck of the bladder and the muscles that connect the bladder to the prostate gland. Such pills for bacterial prostatitis help to relieve pain and eliminate the stagnation of urine in the bladder.
  2. Painkillers. It is possible to cope with the symptoms of prostatitis with the help of analgesics and NSAIDs.
  3. Fortifying agents. It is possible to increase the effectiveness of the therapy with the help of multivitamins, mineral complexes and immunomodulatory drugs.

During the recovery period, men are often prescribed prostate massage. With its help, it is possible to prevent fluid stagnation, normalize the metabolism in tissues and increase local immunity. In addition, massage helps to normalize the drainage function of the organ and increase blood flow.

To combat the disease, herbal remedies can be prescribed, and it is possible to cope with pain with the help of suppositories for bacterial prostatitis.

In the treatment of chronic bacterial prostatitis, physiotherapy such as magnetic therapy, electrical stimulation, and transrectal ultrasound therapy can be used. The most effective folk remedies for bacterial prostatitis are pumpkin seeds, parsley, propolis, celandine and asparagus juice.

Surgical intervention

Surgery for bacterial prostatitis is a last resort. They resort to his help only if drug therapy and other methods do not bring the desired effect. An operation such as partial resection of the prostate is performed in most cases in old age to eliminatesymptoms of bacterial prostatitis in men.

Such surgical intervention in young men can lead to the development of impotence, enuresis and infertility. Resection of the prostate is resorted to in the chronic form of the pathology, in which the patient suffers from problems with urination and pain. If there are indications, an additional plastic correction can be carried out, with the help of which it is possible to restore the process of urination and normalize the functioning of the bladder.

Nutrition for bacterial prostatitis

With such a disease, an important place is given to special nutrition. Diet for bacterial prostatitis involves the rejection of:

  • alcoholic drinks;
  • products containing dyes, preservatives and flavorings;
  • smoked meats;
  • Korean salads and spicy cold appetizers;
  • ketchup and mayonnaise.

In addition, onion, garlic, radish and horseradish root must be excluded from the patient's diet. With an exacerbation of the pathology, it is recommended to introduce foods that contain a large amount of zinc into the diet. The men's menu should be dominated by nuts, eggs and chicken liver. Many vitamins are present in bran, vegetable oil and vegetables.

Prognosis of the disease, possible complications

The prognosis of a disease such as bacterial prostatitis is determined by various factors. The stage of the pathology, its form, the age of the man and the presence of concomitant diseases are necessarily taken into account.

The acute form of bacterial prostatitis is quite easily amenable to drug therapy. Already a few days after the start of treatment, the well-being of a man noticeably improves. At the same time, with improper therapy or its absence, there is a high risk that bacterial prostatitis becomes chronic.

Chronic prostatitis is a disease that is quite difficult to treat. Relapses in men occur more and more often. In such a situation, it is possible to completely cope with the disease only with the help of surgical intervention. After the operation, the prognosis is usually favorable. At the same time, surgical intervention can be accompanied by the development of unpleasant consequences.

The main consequences of bacterial prostatitis are prostate adenoma and abscess, as well as inflammation of the testicles. In addition, a man may experience swelling with blockage of the urethra and inflammation of the kidneys. If left untreated, bacterial prostatitis can lead to impotence and infertility.

Prevention of bacterial prostatitis

It is important to know not only how to cure bacterial prostatitis, but also to avoid pathology. In order to prevent the development of bacterial prostatitis, it is recommended to adhere to the following preventive measures:

  • timely diagnosis and treatment of infectious pathologies;
  • prevent hypothermia of the body;
  • exercise and play sports;
  • treat stool problems in the form of constipation;
  • have regular sex life;
  • massage;
  • once a year to be examined by a urologist.

Bacterial prostatitis is a pathology that requires mandatory treatment. In the event that the disease is started, the risk of developing various complications is high. It is for this reason that when the first signs of the disease appear, it is necessary to consult a specialist and undergo the necessary treatment. In the absence of effective therapy, a man may remain infertile.

Reviews of doctors and patients about bacterial prostatitis

Reviews of men indicate that with timely diagnosis and effective therapy, it is possible to completely cope with the disease. Bacterial prostatitis can be completely cured both with the help of drugs and physiotherapy, and through surgery.

Man, 45 years old: "I recently encountered such a disease as bacterial prostatitis. I was constantly tormented by aching pain in the penis, which sometimes gave into the anus. I had to take painkillers from time to time, and only complex treatment helped to completely cope with the disease.

Man, 50 years old: "I have been suffering from bacterial prostatitis for quite a long time and periodically the stages of remission are replaced by exacerbations. Immediately there are pulling pains and urination becomes more frequent. I manage to alleviate the condition with the help of a diet and taking a course of medications that a urologist prescribes for me. "